It is important to respect the works and creations of others. Consequently, the United States sets forth numerous federal laws protecting the works of others. The REALTOR® University Library takes these laws seriously.
U.S. Copyright Law- Special Copyright Provisions for Academia
The Copyright Act contains specific exceptions for the use of copyright-protected materials by academic institutions. These provisions include:
Section 107 on fair use, which applies to activities such as the use of excerpts for illustration or comment; the unexpected and spontaneous reproduction of classroom materials, and the creation of parodies.
“The doctrine of fair use…has been codified in section 107 of the copyright law.
Section 107 contains a list of the various purposes for which the reproduction of a particular work may be considered fair, such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Section 107 also sets out four factors to be considered in determining whether or not a particular use is fair:
The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes
The nature of the copyrighted work
The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole
The effect of the use upon the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work”
Source: FL-102. U.S. Copyright Office, November 2009.